Links, Labour Day edition. Germany, Portugal, forced labour, Small and Medium sized Enterprises
1) In Germany, the number of 1 year olds is less than 50% of the number of fifty year olds.
2) The remarkable decline of Portuguese unemployment has stalled and despite out-migration of 300.000 mainly young and well-educated people the level is still more than twice the pre-Euro level. According to these specialists, the decline was to an extent caused by the creation of loads of unpaid, ‘cosmetic’ jobs, which allowed the government to move the unemployed from the statistics. By the way – even without counting emigration the Portuguese population is shrinking.
3) The ILO has a report about forced labour: “This report looks at both the supply and demand sides of forced labour. It is based on primary data and, for the first time, provides solid evidence for a correlation between forced labour and poverty. The report further offers a new ILO estimate of the profits generated through the use of forced labour in various economic sectors, as well as in forced sexual exploitation.” Two thirds of the estimated $ 150 billion of profits were related to sexual exploitation, according to the report
4) The ILO has a report about Small and Medium sized enterprises and job creation: “The constraints to SME growth – as perceived by business owners – is a relatively well-researched area. The three biggest constraints across countries are access to finance, access to electricity and competition from informal enterprises. However, constraints vary according to countries’ level of development as well as by region. … Much less is known about the problems or disadvantages that are faced by workers in SMEs. The only solid data come from the European Union (EU), and they show that SMEs generally score lower than large enterprises in indicators of the quality of employment. … the objective should be to support SMEs in increasing their productivity and improving the quality of jobs. … an important finding from the available data is that the economic sector in which an SME operates has a stronger influence on the quality of employment than the size of the Enterprise“